Fentanyl Addiction Treatment, Side Effects and Signs
Fentanyl is a potent opioid and schedule II controlled substance.
Fentanyl is a potent opioid painkiller that comes in a variety of different formats. The available variety might be responsible, in part, for the high rates of addiction associated with this drug. Fentanyl users have many ways to abuse or become addicted that will lead to negative side effects. Detox can treat withdrawal and therapy programs can help in a long-term recovery. Treatment lasting for a year or longer could help people to build resistance to the urge to abuse this powerful drug.
Prescription opioid pain relievers are one of the most common drugs of abuse in America. In 2012 alone, over 2 million people reported abusing them, per the National Institute on Drug Abuse. Only 169,868 of those people sought treatment, the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration reports.
What Is Fentanyl?
- Transdermal patches
- Sublingual dissolving tablets
- Nasal spray
- Injectable liquid
- Dissolvable film strips
The Road to Recovery
There is no quick fix for fentanyl addiction. Bouncing back won’t happen overnight. In fact, treatment for opioid dependency generally takes at least a year. In that time, most recovering individuals opt for medical maintenance programs, such as those that use methadone and buprenorphine.
Therapy can help individuals to work well with others and improve communication skills ” practices that come in handy for recovering addicts who are trying to repair broken relationships with family members and other loved ones.
Holistic treatment is always an option, too. Most addicts are not strangers to stress and anxiety ” two issues that practices such as meditation and yoga can help to improve. According to one study, 300 people who took part in a two-hour session of yoga reported a 14.7 percent decrease in anxiety.
These therapeutic practices can also aid people with co-occurring substance use and mental health disorders. One study that compared the effectiveness of varying relapse prevention tools noted 17 percent of people who participated in a traditional program had relapsed within the following year, while 14 percent in a 12-step program did. Only 9 percent who practiced mindfulness returned to substance abuse, Reutersstates. In general, comprehensive care that incorporates various treatment approaches can best address complex cases.